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柑橘网棚栽培探讨

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柑橘网棚栽培探讨

发布日期:2019-12-09 作者: 点击:

巴登彩票开户SHAWANGPENGSHIYONGYUGANJUPINZHONGZIYUANHEYUZHONGCAILIAODEGELIBAOCUN,YESHIFANZHIGANJUWUBINGMIAOMIANSHOUCHONGMEIXIEDAIYUCHUANBOJIANYIXINGBINGCHONGDEYOUXIAOCUOSHI。RANERZAISHENGCHANZHONGNENGFOUYONGSHAWANGPENGZAIPEITIDAILUDIZAIPEI,YIJIEJUEGANJUHUANGLONGBINGWEIHAIYUSHOUMINGDUANDENGWENTI,BIZHEDUICIJINXINGLEYANJIU。XIANJIANGYANJIUJIEGUOBAODAORUXIA。

1 材料与方法

1.1 试验地点

巴登彩票开户GUANGXITESEZUOWUYANJIUYUANGANJUPINZHONGSHIFANYUANJIANYU2005~2014NIAN,YONGSHAWANGPENGZAIPEIYULUDIZAIPEI。SHAWANGPENGZAIPEIQIAN6NIANFUGAISHAWANG,HOU4NIANCHAICHUSHAWANGBIANCHENGLUDIZAIPEI。YUANDIWEIHUANPOHONGRANGTU,TUITUPINGZHENGXIUZHUCHENGTIMIANKUANKUODEDENGGAOTIDI,GONGXIUJIAN6JITIDI,TIJIGAOCHA1.5~1.8m。MEITIDIZHONGZHI5XING,ZHUXINGJU3m×4m,667m2ZAI55ZHU,XINGXIANGDONGXIYOULIYUGUANGNENGDELIYONG。YUANDIMIANJI1.41hm2,QIZHONGSULIAOSHAWANGPENG1.20hm2,LUDI0.21hm2。WANGPENGXUANYONGGANGGUANCAILIAODAJIA,GOUCHENGRENZIJIA,GAODU3.5m,PENGJIAXUANYONGWUSE40MUSULIAOSHAWANGQUANFUGAI,MEIGEWANGPENGDULIHUBUGUANTONG。

1.2 栽培品种

纱网棚与露地栽培柑橘品种:日南1号特早熟温州蜜柑、市文特早熟温州蜜柑、大分特早熟温州蜜柑、稻叶早熟温州蜜柑、沙糖橘、贡柑、茂谷柑、不知火杂交柑、改良橙、鹿寨蜜橙、早金甜橙、埃及糖橙、卡拉红肉脐橙、福本脐橙、晚棱脐橙、欧林达夏橙、蜜奈夏橙、德尔塔夏橙、路德红夏橙等,种植时间2005~2006年。

1.3 果园管理

YOULINGSHU1~3NIANXINGJIANBOZHONGLVFEIGAITU,1NIANBOZHONG3CI,QIZHONGXIAJIBOZHONG2CI,LVDOU(HUASHENG、HUANGDOU)+LVDOU;DONGJIBOZHONG1CIRUCAIHUOYOUCAI。QUANNIANZHONGFEI2CI,YILVFEIXIANCAOYAQINGWEIZHU,ZENGSHIZHU、JIFENHEFUHEFEI。ZHUIFEIZAICHOUSHAOQI,HUAQIQIANHOU,YOUGUOQILINSHIZHUFENJIAFUFEIOUFUDESHUIFEI,BINGPENSHIYEMIANFEI。GANHANJILINSHUIBAOSHI,JISHIFANGZHIBINGCHONG。QUANNIANXIUJIAN2CI,FENBIEWEICHUNJIANYUXIAJIAN,PEIYANGAIGANDUOFENZHISHUXING,YUSHUJIANGAISHANSHUGUANDEGUANGZHAOHUANJING。

大雅柑橘苗园林片区

1.4 观察项目

1.4.1 光照

WANGPENGYULUDIMEIYIPINZHONGGUDING10ZHU,MEIYUECELIANGGUANGZHAO1CI,BINGYUSHANGWU9:00~10:00SHIGUANCHAGUANGZHAOQIANGDU。YONG“MEINENGDA(MINOTA)”ZHAODUJICELIANGXINGJIANKONGJIANHESHUGUANJIEGUOCENGZHONGBUDEGUANGZHAO,YILEKESI(Lx)BIAOSHI。

1.4.2 温度

WANGPENGYULUDIGUDINGWEIZHI,MEIYUECELIANGWENDU1CI,YONGQIXIANGWENDUJIZAIGAOWEN(15:00SHI),DIWEN(7:00SHI)YIJIHUAQIHEYOUGUOFAYUQICELIANGXINGJIANKONGJIANHESHUGUANJIEGUOCENGZHONGBUDEQIWEN,YUXIANGDUIDIXIA0、5、10cmDEDIWENBIANHUA。

1.4.3 其他项目

MEINIANCHUNTIANDIAOCHAGANJUPINZHONGKAIHUAZHUSHU,NIANZHONGCELIANGSHUTISHENGZHANGLIANG,CAISHOUDANZHUCHENGZHONG,YUGUOSHIPINZHIFENXIDENG。TONGSHI,FENXIPINGJIAWANGPENGFANGZHIGANJUHUANGLONGBINGDENGBINGCHONGHAIDEXIAOGUO。

2 结果与分析

2.1 网棚与露地栽培两者之间的光照强度有着显著性差异

YOUBIAO1KANCHU SULIAOSHAWANGDEWEIKONGJIEGOUZUDANGYIBUFENTAIYANGGUANG ZAOCHENGPENGNEITOUGUANGXINGCHAHEGUANGZHAOMINGXIANBUZU。YINIAN12GEYUELIWULUNXINGJIANKONGJIANHESHUGUANJIEGUOCENGDEGUANGZHAOQIANGDUDOUYOUZHEHENMINGXIANDEJIANRUOBIANHUA。WANGPENGYULUDILIANGZHEZHIJIANGUANGZHAOQIANGDUDUIBI WANGPENGXINGJIANKONGJIANZUIGAOJIANSHAO57.21%(-17253.66,Lx),ZUIDIJIANSHAO7.51%(-2277.36Lx),PINGJUNJIANSHAO36.54%(-10290.68Lx)。SHUGUANJIEGUOCENGZUIGAOJIANSHAO66.68%(-5334.25Lx),ZUIDIJIANSHAO4.22%(-2002.56Lx),PINGJUNJIANSHAO36.93%(-3695.33Lx)。4-6YUEGANJUHUAQIHEYOUGUOFAYUQIJIANGUANGZHAOQIANGDUDEBIANHUA,XINGJIANKONGJIANJIANSHAO31.78%~44.69%(-2206.00~-13754.09Lx),SHUGUANJIEGUOCENGJIANSHAO45.06%~49.08%(-3407.50~-3218.26Lx)。YOUGUOBAOGUOQIXUYAOCHONGZUDEGUANGZHAOQIANGDU,ZENGQIANGGUANGHEZUOYONG,HECHENGTANSHUIHUAHEWUGONGYOUGUOFAYU。RUOCISHIGUANGZHAOQIANGDUJIANSHAOYUBUZU,YANGFENDUANQUE,LUOGUOZENGJIA,SHIWANGPENGZAIPEIDEBULIBIBING。

巴登彩票开户BIAO1 WANGPENGYULUDIZAIPEIZHUYUEGUANGZHAOQIANGDUDUIBI (2007~2010NIANPINGJUNZHI)

巴登彩票开户TIDISHANGXIATIZHIJIANDEGUANGZHAOQIANGDUBIANHUA。BIAO2CAILIAOXIANSHI,ZHUYAOSHITIDISHANG、XIATIJIDEGAOCHAJIAOXIAO,YIBANWEI1.5~1.8m。TONGSHI,TIMIANKUANKUOYOURUTONGPINGDIYIYANG,XINGJIANKONGJIANYUSHUGUANJIEGUODEGUANGZHAOQIANGDUCHAYIXINGBUXIANZHU。

BIAO2 TITIANTIJIZHIJIANGUANGZHAOQIANGDUDEBIANHUA(2007~2011NIAN) DANWEI:Lx

2.2 柑橘品种的树形结构直接对光照强度反应不同的效果

巴登彩票开户YOUBIAO3KANCHU,GANJUPINZHONGZHONGWENZHOUMIGANDESHUXINGAIXIAOERKAIZHANG,ZHISHAOSHULIANGJIAOSHAO,TONGFENGTOUGUANGXINGLIANGHAO。SHUGUANJIEGUOCENGDEGUANGZHAOQIANGDUPINGJUNWEI7776.5Lx。4~6YUEHUAQIHEYOUGUOFAYUQIJIANGUANGZHAOQIANGDUWEI7356.0~10254.0Lx,JIBENMANZULEHUAYAYUYOUGUOFAYUSUOXUDEGUANGZHAOTIAOJIAN。CHENGLEIZHONGTIANCHENG、QICHENGHEXIACHENGPINZHONGDESHUXINGGAODAZHILI,SHUGUANJINCOU,ZHISHAODUOQIEMISHENG,TOUGUANGXINGCHA。SHUGUANJIEGUOCENGDEGUANGZHAOQIANGDUPINGJUN4822.7~5191.4Lx,XIANSHIGUANGZHAOQIANGDUMINGXIANBUZU。BIZHE(1984~1985NIAN)YONGZAOSHUWENZHOUMIGAN、ANLIUCHENGHEGUIXIACHENGDEGUANGZHAOQIANGDUCEDINGJIEGUO。

巴登彩票开户BIAO4 SUOSHI,SHUGUANJIEGUOCENGGUANGZHAOQIANGDU<6000lx,JIBENBUGUAGUO;GUANGZHAOQIANGDU>8000LxJIEGUOSHUZHANZONGGUOSHU26.7%~31.79%,GUANGZHAOQIANGDU37100~45300LxJIEGUOSHUZHANZONGGUOSHU68.21%~73.30%。CHUBURENDING,GANJUJIEGUODEGUANGZHAOQIANGDUSHIYIZHI>8000Lx。

BIAO3 GUANGZHAOQIANGDUYUGANJUPINZHONGDEGUANXI(2010NIAN) DANWEI:Lx

巴登彩票开户BIAO4 GUANGZHAOQIANGDU(Lx)YUGANJUJIEGUOLIANG(%)DEGUANXI(1984~1985NIAN) DANWEI:Lx

巴登彩票开户ZHU:SANGEGONGSHIGANJUPINZHONGSHULINGJUNWEI5NIANSHENG。

XIUJIANDUISHUGUANDEGUANGZHAOQIANGDUNENGQIDAOYIDINGDEGAISHANXIAOGUO,WANGPENGZAIPEIMAOGUGANSHUGUANJIEGUOCENGGUANGZHAOQIANGDU,XIUJIANQIANWEI5457.5Lx,XIUJIANHOUWEI6465.0Lx,ZENGJIA1007.5Lx,ZENGGUANGLV15.58%。SHUGUANFUDU(cm)

2.3 网棚的气温对柑橘枝梢生长与果实发育的影响

巴登彩票开户WANGPENGYULUDIZAIPEIDEQIWENDUIGANJUZHISHAOSHENGZHANGYUHUAYAFAYUBIANHUABUMINGXIAN,BIAO5、6CAILIAO,CHUNTIAN1~3YUEWANGPENGNEIWAIDEZUIGAOQIWENWEI20~30℃,SHIGANJUZHISHAOSHENGZHANGYUHUAYAFENHUADESHIYIQIWEN。GANJUMENGYAYUCHOUSHAO,HUALIANGYUHUAQIDENGWANGPENGYULUDILIANGZHEZHIJIANBIJIAOYIZHI,KANBUCHUMINGXIANCHAYIXING。JINRUXIAJI4YUEYIHOUQIWENZHUJIANSHENGGAO,WANGPENGSHENGWENKUAI,BILUDIGAOCHU2~3℃。BIAO7BIAOMING,GUILINLINIAN4YUEXIAXUNZHI6YUEZAIGANJUHUAQIYUYOUGUOFAYUQI,JINGCHANGCHUXIANDUANQI>35℃GAOWENTIANQI。ZHEISHIGANJUFASHENGYICHANGLUOGUODEGAOWENLINJIEZHI。ZAIDIYI、DIERCISHENGLILUOGUOQIJIANYUSHANGQIWEN>35℃,1~2TIANYINFADALIANGLUOGUO;QIWENGAO37~39℃,1~2TIANYOUGUOYICHANGLUOGUO,NAIZHIKELIWUSHOU。YINCI,SHAWANGPENGDEYICHANGGAOWENTIANQIHEGUANGZHAOQIANGDUMINGXIANBUZU,SHISHAWANGPENGZAIPEIDEZHUYAOBIBING,YESHIHENNANJIEJUEDE。

BIAO5 WANGPENGYULUDIZAIPEIQIWENHEDIWENBIANHUA(2010NIAN) DANWEI:℃

巴登彩票开户GUANCHASHIJIAN:GAOWENTIANQI15:00SHI;DIWENTIANQI7:00SHIZUOYOU;ZHENGCHANGTIANQI9:00~10:00SHI。

BIAO6 GANJUPINZHONGWUHOUQI(2010~2011NIAN) DANWEI:ZHU

巴登彩票开户BIAO7 SHAWANGPENG4~6YUEYICHANGGAOWEN>35℃TIANSHU DANWEI:d

2.4 网棚的气温和光照强度两大因素决定柑橘的产量

BIAO8KANCHU,XIANGTONGGANJUPINZHONGZAILIANGZHONGZAIPEIHUANJINGXIA,PINGJUNZHUCHANDUIBI,WENZHOUMIGANXILIEPINXIDECHANLIANGCHAYIXINGBUMINGXIAN,ZHUYAOYUANYINSHIWENZHOUMIGANYIDIYICILUOGUOWEIZHU,ZHANLUOGUOZONGSHU85%~90%,BINGQIELUOGUOQIJIZHONG10TIANZUOYOU,CISHIQIWENSHIYI,BIKAI>35℃GAOWEN。TONGSHI,SHUGUANKAIZHANG,GUANGZHAOCHONGZU,YOULIYUZHEGUO。CHENGLEIYUKUANPIGANJUPINZHONGYOUERCILUOGUOQI,YIDIERCILUOGUOQIWEIZHU,ZHANZONGLUOGUOSHU60%,LUOGUOTIANSHU15~20TIAN。LUOGUOQIJIANBUKEBIMIANYUSHANG>35℃GAOWENTIANQIHEGUANGZHAOYANZHONGBUZU,CIZEYOUFAYICHANGLUOGUO,DAOZHIJIANCHANSHISHOU。LIANGZHONGZAIPEIDEPINGJUNZHUCHANDUIBI,ZHUCHANXIANGCHA2~5BEI,WANGPENGDEDICHANYULUDIDEGAOCHANXINGCHENGXIANMINGDEDUIBIXIAOGUO。YOUQISHIXIACHENGPINZHONGZAICHAICHUWANGPENGDEDIYINIANHUIFUSHUSHI,DIER、DISANNIANPINGJUNZHUCHANZENGFUFANBEI,OULINDAXIACHENGZENGJIA1.5BEI;MINAIXIACHENGZENGJIA3.2BEI;DEERTAXIACHENGZENGJIA4.9BEI;LUDEHONGXIACHENGZENGJIA5.3BEI,ZENGCHANMINGXIAN。

巴登彩票开户BIAO8 SHAWANGPENGYULUDIZAIPEIDEGANJUPINZHONGCHANLIANG DANWEI:kg

2.5 果实品质分析

WANGPENGYULUDIZAIPEIDEGANJUGUOSHIPINZHIFENXIJIEGUO(JIANBIAO9),ZAIGUOSHIDAXIAO、KESHILV、CHUZHILV、YIJIGUOZHIDEWEISHENGSUC、NINGMENGSUANHETANGFENHANLIANGDENG,LIANGZHEJIBENXIANGJIN,CHABIEBUMINGXIAN。RANERZAICHAICHUWANGPENGDEDI2NIANGUOSHIZENGDA,KESHILVYUCHUZHILVSHAOJIANGDI,SUANSHAOTANGDUO,WEITIANNONGXIANG,PINZHITIGAO。

巴登彩票开户BIAO9 GUANGZHAOYUQIWENDUIGANJUPINZHONGGUOSHIPINZHIDEYINGXIANG(2012NIAN)

BIAO1 WANGPENGYULUDIGANJUHUANGLONGBINGFABINGLV DANWEI:ZHU

SHAWANGPENGZAIPEIGANJUPINZHONGDOUSHILAIZIWUBINGMIAOHUOSHICONGWUHUANGLONGBINGDIQUYINJINMIAOMU。JIANYUANDIYINIANJIUGUOYUANYILIUFAXIANXIEWENYEE、BAIFENSHIYUMANLEI。TONGSHI,MAOGUGANBUSHUTUODUWUBINGMIAO,JIEGUODANGNIANFAXIAN2ZHUDEGUOSHIBIANXIAO,ROUZHIGANYING,JINGPCRJIANCEWEISUIYEBINGHESHUAITUIBINGSHUMIAOMUDAIBING。WANGPENGNEISUOYOUDEGANJUPINZHONGJUNWEIFAXIANGANJUHUANGLONGBINGYUMUSHI、SUIYEBING、SHUAITUIBING、KUIYANGBING、CHUANGJIABING、TANJUBING、HEIXINGBINGHEJUXIAOSHIYINGDENG。LUDIZAIPEIGANJUPINZHONG,ZHONGZHIDISANNIANLUXUFAXIANHUANGLONGBINGZHIZHU,2013NIANFABINGLV45.4%,QIZHONGGONGGAN84.0%,SHATANGJU70.8%。ZAOSHUWENZHOUMIGAN、NANFENGMIJUSHOUJUXIAOSHIYINGWEIHAIDA20%。SHIJIANZHENGMING,SHAWANGPENGGELIBINGCHONGWEIHAIDEXIAOGUOANQUANYOUXIAODE(JIANBIAO10)。

3 初步结论

SHAWANGPENGZAIPEIYONGYUGELIJIANYIXINGBINGCHONGHEGANJUPINZHONGZIYUANDEBAOCUNSHIYOUXIAODEHECHENGGONGDE。DANSHI,SHIJIANZHENGMINGSHAWANGPENGNEIDEYICHANGGAOWENHEGUANGZHAOQIANGDUYANZHONGBUZUSHICUNZAIDE,SHIGANJUFASHENGYICHANGLUOGUO,DAOZHIDICHANDEGENBENYUANYIN,YESHIHENNANKEFUHEJIEJUEDENANTI。YOUCIRENWEI,ZAIGANJUHUANGLONGBINGYIQUSHENGCHANSHANGTUIXINGWANGPENGZAIPEIGANJUXUSHENZHONG。

相关标签:柑橘苗价格

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