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四川省柑桔栽培管理与病虫害防治技术浅析

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四川省柑桔栽培管理与病虫害防治技术浅析

发布日期:2019-12-09 作者: 点击:

巴登彩票开户SICHUANSHENG,YIQIANQIUDIXINGWEIZHU,TURANGDUOSHUHUIZONGZINITU,QIHOUSHUZHONGYAREDAISHIRUNJIFENGLEIXING,NIANPINGJUNQIWEN17.8℃,NIANJIANGYULIANG1044.8mm,NIANRIZHAO1376.2XIAOSHI,NIANYOUXIAOJIWEN5750℃,ZUILENGYUE1YUEQIWENJIBENSHANGDOUZAI0℃YISHANG,SHITIANCHENGSHENGCHANSHIYIQU、KUANPIGANJIESHENGCHANZUISHIYIQU。2015NIANQUANXIANGANJIEMIANJI1.36WANhm2,TOUCHANMIANJI0.97WANhm2,CHANLIANGYUE14WANt。DANGQIANQUXIANGANJIESHENGCHANCUNZAIDEWENTIZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAIBIAOZHUNHUA、GUIMOHUACHENGDUDI,PINZHONGJIEGOUQIANHELI,ZAIPEIGUANLIJIBINGCHONGHAIFANGKONGSHUIPINGCANCHABUQI,DANWEIMIANJICHANLIANGDI,GUOSHIPINZHIJIAOCHA,CHANYEZHENGTIXIAOYIPIANDIDENGFANGMIAN。DUICI,BIXUJIADAXIANDAIHUAZAIPEIGUANLIJISHUPEITAOYANJIUYUTUIGUANGLIDU,CAIQUZONGHECUOSHILVSEFANGKONGBINGCHONGHAI,YICITIGAOQUXIANGANJIEZAIPEIGUANLIZHENGTISHUIPING,TIGAOCHANYEXIAOYI,CUJINSHENGCHANZHEZENGSHOUZHIFU。

沃柑柑橘幼苗

1 土肥水管理

1.1 土壤管理

巴登彩票开户GANJIEYUANBIXUBAOZHENGJUYOUFEIWO、SHENHOUDETUCENG。DUIYOULINGJIEYUAN,ZAI7—8YUECAIYONGHAOGOUFAHEKUOXUEFAJINXINGTURANGSHENFAN,BINGYUMAIYAYOUJIFEIXIANGJIEHE。SHENFANSHENDUYI60~80cmWEIYI,2~3NIANWANCHENGSHENFANRENWU。WEILETIGAOTUDILIYONGLV,YOULINGJIEYUANKELIYONGXINGJIANKONGDI,ZAISHUPANWAIJIANZUOBAICAI、CANDOU、LUOBU、HUASHENG、DOULEIDENGAIGANJINGJIZUOWUHUOLVFEI,LVFEIKEZAISHENGHUAQIHUONENJIAQIFANMAIRUTU,GAILIANGTURANG,TIGAOTURANGFEILI。GANJIESHENGZHANGQI,KEXUANYONGXIAOMAIJIEGAN、MAIKANGDENGFUGAISHUPAN,HUOYONGDIBUFUGAI,BANGZHUXUSHUIBAOSHANG,YIFANGMIANSHIGANJIEYUANTURANGDEYIBAOCHISHIRUN,LINGYIFANGMIANYEKEJIANSHAOZACAO。DONGJICAISHOUWANGUOSHIHOU,YINGDUIGUOYUANJINXINGYICISHENFAN,SHENDU20~30cm,YITIGAOYUANJIANTURANGTOUQIXING,BINGMIECHUYUEDONGBINGCHONGHAI。

1.2 水分管理

巴登彩票开户(1)GUANSHUI:ZAOCHUNZHIGANJIESHUKAIHUAQIAN,SHITIANQIQINGKUANG,GE7~10TIANGUANSHUIYICI,YIGUANZUGUANTOUWEIYI。(2)YUFANGFUHAN:7—9YUEGUOYUANNEIKESHENGCAOHUOYONGJIEGAN、ZACAODENGFUGAISHUPAN,JIANSHAOSHUIFENZHENGFA;7—8YUERUOYUFUHAN,YAOZAIZAO、WANJIGUOYUANJISHIGUANSHUI。(3)ZHUAHAOCAIQIANGUANSHUIGONGZUO:ZAICAIGUOQIANYIZHOUNEIGUANZUGUANTOUYICISHUI,YIDIAOJIESHUTIPINGHENG,FANGZHIYINCAIGUOHOUERZAOCHENGDALIANGSHISHUI。

1.3 施肥管理

巴登彩票开户(1)CHUNFEI:TUCHU“ZAO”(3YUEZHONGXUNQIAN)、“QIAN”(SHIFEIGOUSHENDU10cmZUOYOU,YIBUSHANGGENWEIYI)、“SU”(YISUXIAODETANANHEFUSHUDERENCHUSHUIFENWEIZHU),YIBANCHENGNIANSHUMEIZHUSHIFUSHURENCHUSHUIFEN80~100kg,JIANIAOSU0.5~0.7kgHUOTANAN1kg;YOUXIAOSHUJIANBAN,BINGJISHIFUGAISHIFEIXUEHUOSHIFEIGOU。ZUIHAOZAIGANJIEMENGYAQIPENSHIYICI0.3%NIAOSUZUOGENWAIZHUIFEI,GENGYOULIYUZHISHAODEZHENGCHANGSHENGZHANGFAYU。(2)QIUFEI:YI7YUESHIRUWEIZHU,ZUICHIBUCHAOGUO8YUESHANGXUN。SHIFEIZHONGLEIYAOQIQUAN、LIANGYAODA,YIYOUJIFEIWEIZHU,DAN、LIN、JIAPEIHE,YONGFEILIANGYAOZHANQUANNIANSHIFEILIANGDE60%~70%。SHIFEIGOUYAOSHEN、KUAN,CONGSHUGUANDISHUIXIANXIANGWAISHAOYUANCHUWASHEN40~60,cm、KUAN35~40,cmDEHUANZHUANGGOUHUOCAOGOUSHIFEI。ZHUYALVFEI50kg(RUOYAMAIQINGXIANLVFEI,MEI50kgJIASHUSHIHUI0.5~1kg,YIZHONGHEYOUJISUAN),BINGJIAGUOLINSUANGAI0.5~1kg,TANAN0.25~0.5kg,RENCHUFEN25~50kg。(3)CAIQIANFUZHUANGFEI:ZAOSHUPINZHONGCAIHOULIJISHIRU,ZHONGSHUPINZHONGZAICAIGUOQIANBANYUENEISHIRU,WANSHUPINZHONGZAI11YUEXIAXUNSHIRUWEIYI。SHIYONGFANGFA:YANSHUGUANDISHUIXIANWAIYANKAIGOU,ZHUSHIRENCHUFENSHUI50~100kg,TANAN0.3~0.5kg,FUHEFEI1~2kg,HUODUIJIUFEI25~50kg。LINGWAI,DUISHUSHIJIAOWANGERHUAGUOLIANGPIANSHAODEWANGZHANGSHU,KESHIDANGDIWADUANBUFENCEGEN,YOULIYUKONGZHISHUGUANDEYINGYANGSHENGZHANG;ERDUISHUSHIRUOHUOYINHONGHUANGZHIZHUDENGBINGCHONGWEIHAILUOYEYANZHONGDESHU,ZEYINGJINXINGGENWAIZHUIFEI2~3CI。TURANGSHIFEIYINGBIANSHIFEIBIANFUTU。

2 科学保花保果和疏果

巴登彩票开户DUIDANGNIANSHI“DANIAN”DESHU,YINGJISHIJINXINGSHUJIANHUAZHIHEZAISHENGHUAQIYAOSHU,JIANSHAOHUALIANGHESHUTIYINGYANGXIAOHAO。

PENSHIWEIFEIHEZHIWUSHENGZHANGDIAOJIEJI,JINXINGWENGUOZHUANGGUO。ZAISHENGHUAQIPENSHI0.1%~0.2%PENGFEI+0.3%LINSUANERQINGJIA;ZAIDIYICISHENGLILUOGUOSHI,PENSHI0.3%NIAOSU+0.3%LINSUANERQINGJIA,ZAIDIERCISHENGLILUOGUOQI,PENZENGXIAOYEHUABA+GA+0.3%NIAOSU+0.3%LINSUANERQINGJIA。DUIZHEGUOLVJIAODIDEGANJIEPINZHONG,KEZAIYOUGUOQIYONGJIUER○250mg/LRONGYETUMOGUODI,JINXINGBAOGUO。

DUIYOUWANGSHUJIWANGZHANGSHU,ZAIXIEHUAHOUHUANGEWANGZHIHUODADECEZHIHUODAXINGJIEGUOZHIZUQUN,LIFENZHIJIBU5~10cmCHUHUANGE1~3QUAN。

KONGZHIXIASHAOCHOUFA。ZAI5—6YUEKONGZHIFEISHUIDEGONGYING,TEBIESHIDANSUFEI;5YUEZHONGXUNZHI7YUESHANGXUN,MEIGE7~10TIANMOYICIXIAYA,YIJIANQINGSHAOGUOMAODUN。

DUIGUAGUOLIANGJIAODUODEZHIZHU,YAOBUDUANDISHUCHUBUFENXIAOGUO、CANCIGUO,JIXINGGUO、BINGCHONGGUODENG,SHIZHIZHUHELIFUZAI,ZUODAOANSHUDINGCHAN,ANZHIDINGLIANG。

巴登彩票开户FANGZHIQICHENGLIEGUO。ZAILIEGUOGAOFENGQIQIANYIGEYUE,PENWULVSAITE2~3CI,KEYOUXIAOYUFANGQICHENGLIEGUO,JIANSHAOLIEGUO90%YISHANG。

3 综合防治以蚧螨为主的柑桔害虫

3.1 柑桔花蕾蛆

BEIHAIHUALEIBIANCHENGJIXING,PENGDABIANDUAN,YOUCHENGWEI“DENGLONGHUA”。FANGZHIFANGFA:YISHIXIANLEICHUQISHUGUANPENYAO,KEYONG90%JINGTIDIBAICHONG800~1000BEIYEDENG;ERSHIKAIHUACHUQIRENGONGZHAICHUBEIHAIHUALEI,SHOUJIZHUFEIHOUSHENMAI;SANSHIXIEHUACHUQISASHIDUTU。

3.2 柑桔红黄蜘蛛

ZAOCHENGBEIHAIYEPIANTUOLUO,YOUCHENGGANJIELUOYEZHIZHU,YICHUN、XIAJI(4—5YUE)FASHENGLIANGZUIDUO。ZAIGANJIEKAIHUAQIANHEKAIHUAHOUJISHIYONGYAOFANGZHI,YAOJIKEXUANYONG20%SANZUOXIXUANFUJIHUOKESHIXINGFENJI,HUO15%SAOMANJINGRUYOUHUOSHUANGJIAMIDENG。

3.3 矢尖蚧

巴登彩票开户YISHIZUOHAODANGNIANYEPIANSHANGSHIJIANJIEDIYIDAIYOUJIECHUJIANRIDIAOCHA,CHUJIANRIZHIHOUDEDI3ZHOU、DI5ZHOU、DI8ZHOUYONGYAO3CIFANGZHISHIJIANJIE,HUOZHEJIANGDIYIDAIERLINGXIONGJIE(BEISHANGFENMIERTIAOBAISELASI)CHUJIANRIZUOWEIDIYICIYONGYAOSHIJIAN;ERSHIJIAQIANGFEISHUIGUANLI,ZENGQIANGSHUSHI;SANSHIPENYAOQIANXIANZHONGJIANCHONGZHICHONGYE,JIANSHAOCHONGKOUJISHU;SISHIDUIERDAI、SANDAIHAICHONG,CAIYONGTIAOZHIZHONGXINCHONGZHUDEBANFA,BAOHULIYONGTIANDIZIYUAN。YAOJIKEXUANYONG0.5%GUOSHENGSHUIJI(TEXIAOSHAJIEBINGJIANZHIHONGHUANGZHIZHU)1000BEIYE,HUOJIYOURUJI100BEIYE,HUOSONGZHIHEJI16~18BEIYE。

3.4 锈壁虱

BEIHAIGUOYOUCHENGHUOSHAOGAN,QIFANGZHIFANGFASHIJIAQIANGTIANJIANDIAOCHA,DANGJIEYUANLIYOU5%DEYEPIANCHENGSHENHESESHI,HUODANG3%DEGUOSHIBEIHAISHI,JIWEIFANGZHISHIQI,YAOJITONGGANJIEHONGHUANGZHIZHU。

3.5 潜叶蛾

YISHIYAOZUOHAOMOYAFANGSHAOGONGZUO,MOCHUGUOZAOGUOCHIMENGFADEQIUSHAO,ZUODAOTONGYISHIJIAN、JIZHONGFANGSHAO;ERSHIZAIJIZHONGFANGSHAOQI,DANGXINSHAOMENGFABINGZHANGZHI0.5cmSHI,JISHIYONGYAO,GE5~7TIANLIANXUYONGYAO3~5CI,YIBANGWANPENYAOWEIHAO,YAOJIKEXUANYONG20%MIESAOLIRUYOU、2.5%XIUQINGJUZHI、SUMIESHADINGYIJIDIDIWEI1000~5000BEIYEDENG。

3.6 天牛

CAIQU“YIZHUA、ERXUE、SANGOU、SISHA”DEFANGFAFANGZHI。YISHIZAIBANGWANRENGONGBUSHACHENGCHONG(TEBIESHIMENRETIANQI);ERSHIYONGGANGSIGOUSHAYOUXINXIANCHONGFENDESHUDONGNEIYOUCHONG;SANSHIZAIGOUSHAHOUDESHUDONGNEISAIRUDUGUN,HUOYONGMIANHUAJINZHANYANGLEGUO、SHUIANLIULIN5~10BEIYE,ZUIHOUYONGNIANTUMIFENGSUOYOUCHONGKONG。

3.7 柑桔脚腐病和流胶病

巴登彩票开户XIANYONGLIDAOGUAJINBINGBAN,CHENGXIANQINGLVSESHI,ZONGKESHUDAO,SHENDAMUZHIBU,ZAIYONG70%JIAJITUOBUJINHUO50%DUOJUNLING100~200BEIYEDENGTUMOSHOUHAIBUWEI。

相关标签:四川柑橘苗

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